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Capital city: Kathmandu
Area: 147,181 sq km
Population: 29 million
Language: Nepali and some other
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Time zone: GMT +5.75
Dialing code: +977
People: Hindu Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9%
Currency Exchange. It is illegal to exchange foreign currency with individuals and organizations other than authorized dealers (banks, hotels, licensed money changers). Nepal’s currency is the Nepalese rupee (NPR). Notes come in denominations of Rs1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. Coins also available.
Credit Cards: AMERICAN EXPRESS, VISA and MASTERCARD are welcomed at major hotels, ATM, restaurants and major shops in Kathamndu/Pokhara.
ATM is available in major city like Kathamndu,Pokhara,Chitwan(Narayanghat) ,Lumbini ( Bhairahawa)
Taxi: If you want to hire, It is not difficult to find nearby hotel/restaurant. Most taxis are small Indian made Suzuki Maruti cars. All taxis have meters, but there are some taxi drivers who refuse to follow the meter. Better to ask and fixed it before you sit in taxi. At night, the meter reading plus 50% is standard.
Rickshaws: These operate in major cities of Nepal. Fares should be negotiated in advance.
Drinking Water: Hotel and restaurants provide purified water. If you prefer bottled one, it cost extra. Buying water in local shop is cheaper. Most of the hotel does now allow bottled water from outside market.
Meal: The staple food of Nepalese people is "daal, bhaat,tarkari" (lentil soup, curried vegetables with rice). In Kathmandu and Pokhara, you can also find plenty of hotel/restaurants that offer International Cuisine such as continental, Chinese, Thai, Indian and so on.
Since Nepal is a Hindu Kingdom, beef is strictly prohibited among both the Hindus and Buddhist. Hence it is little bit difficult to find restaurants that offer beef.
Vegetarian Meal: There is no problem in this. There are many vegetarian restuarants. And even if you drop into normal restaurants, you can easily get vegetarian food. Just for your information, Vegetarian in Nepal means non-consumption of both meat and egg. Milk and other animal product are allowed.
Do not eat roadside food that is exposed in the open air. Avoid buying and eating raw and unpeeled fruit and vegetables.
Electricity: 220V AC, 50Hz; all plugs are round European two-pin types.
Shopping : The morning time gets you the best prices, especially if you are the first customer...the key is to bargain..bargain...bargain
A visa is required to enter Nepal except for Indian nationals. Visa is available upon arrival and required USD cash ( Usd 25 for 15 days multiple entry visa) and 2 passport size picture. You can download and fill visa form in advance.
Green Channel. Passengers arriving at Tribhuvan International Airport without any dutiable goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles, you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs clearance.
Import. Apart from used personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal free of duty cigarettes (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor (one 1.15 liter bottle) and film (15 rolls). You can also bring in the following articles free of duty on condition that you take them back with you when you leave: binoculars, movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer and portable music system.
Export. It is illegal to export objects over 100 years old (like sacred images, paintings, manuscripts). Visitors are advised not to purchase such items as they are Nepal's cultural heritage and belong here. All statues, sacred paintings and such other items have to be cleared by the Department of Archaeology (Tel: 4250683, 4250685) at Ramshah Path near Singha Durbar that they are not antiques before being allowed to be sent or carried out of the country. Handicraft dealers are able to assist you in this process. For more information, contact the TIA Customs
Airport Tax. Airport tax is included in your ticket and do not have to pay. But domestic airport tax is not included.
The General Post Office located near the Dharahara Tower ( Sun-Fri).
Mobile sim card is available at arrival in Kathamndu airport. Please bring passport copy and picture for this.
The official language is Nepali. There are many other languages, including Maithili and Bhojpuri. English is spoken in business circles and by people involved in the travel trade.
Tourism Service Fee: It is included in your ticket.
If you lost the baggage from your flight, there is claim desk at arrival. One can claim and have receipt (Indemnity form) and can collect again from next flight. You must visit airport for this with this receipt. For starters, don't panic. Most luggages are only delayed, not lost permanently.
Bicycles and motorcycles: These can be hired cheaply from Thamel, Rani Pokhari and Jhochhen. Motorcyclists require a driving license. Cyclists should make sure they have a working bell and a scarf to cover their mouth and nose from powerful exhaust fumes.
Keep your passport, tickets and money separately
Put a photocopy of your passport in each your luggage.
Travel with mosquito repellents and other essential medicines.
Label your entire luggage with name and address.
In place of cash, Visa Travel Card is best.
Carry some empty plastic zip lock bags.
For your plane ticket Confirm, reconfirm, confirm once again.
Make a list of all your personal medicines that you are carrying.
Make a list of all the things you forgot while travelling and use the list before your next trip.
Filming in restricted areas or notified areas without permission is strictly prohibited.
Respect local traditions, customs, values and sentiments to help them protect local cultures and maintain local pride.
Respect privacy when taking photographs
Respect holy places
Refrain from giving money to children since it will encourage begging
Respect for local etiquette earns you respect
Protect the natural environment
Bring Bandanas or a face mask The trails can be very dusty and these can be helpful also good in Kathmandu when pollution is high